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What is Mitigation?
Mitigation is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. This is achieved through risk analysis, which results in information that provides a foundation for mitigation activities that reduce risk, and flood insurance that protects financial investment.

Mitigation focuses on breaking the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. Mitigation efforts provide value to the American people by creating safer communities and reducing loss of life and property. Mitigation includes such activities as:

Complying with or exceeding NFIP floodplain management regulations.

Enforcing stringent building codes, flood-proofing requirements, seismic design standards and wind-bracing requirements for new construction or repairing existing buildings.

Adopting zoning ordinances that steer development away from areas subject to flooding, storm surge or coastal erosion.

Retrofitting public buildings to withstand hurricane-strength winds or ground shaking.

Acquiring damaged homes or businesses in flood-prone areas, relocating the structures, and returning the property to open space, wetlands or recreational uses.

Building community shelters and tornado safe rooms to help protect people in their homes, public buildings and schools in hurricane- and tornado-prone areas.

Mitigation Resources
  Mitigation Tools from FEMA
  National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program
  National Flood Insurance Program